Antonov An-12 & Shaanxi Y-8

  • CountryUkraine and China
  • TypeMid sized turboprop freighter
  • PowerplantsAn-12 - Four 2490kW (3495shp) Ivchenko AI-20K turboprops driving AV68 four blade constant speed propellers. Y-8A - Four 3170kW (4250shp) Zhuzhou WJ-6 turboprops driving four blade constant speed propellers.
  • PerformanceAn-12 - Max speed 777km/h (420kt), max cruising speed 670km/h (361kt). Range with max payload 3600km (1940nm), range with full fuel load 5700km (3075nm). Y-8A - Max speed 660km/h (357kt), economical cruising speed 530km/h (286kt). Range with max fuel load 5615km (3030nm), range with max payload 1275km (690nm).
  • WeightsAn-12 - Empty 28,000kg (61,730lb), max takeoff 61,000kg (134,480lb). Y-8 - Empty equipped 35,490kg (77,237lb), max takeoff 61,000kg (134,480lb).
  • DimentionsAn-12 - Wing span 38.00m (124ft 8in), length 33.10m (108ft 7in), height 10.53m (34ft 7in). Wing area 121.7m2 (1310sq ft). Y-8 - Same except for length 34.02m (111ft 8in), height 11.16m (36ft 8in). Wing area 121.9m2 (1311.7sq ft).
  • CapacityFlightcrew consisting of two pilots, a flight engineer, radio operator and navigator housed (the latter in the glazed nose). Can be arranged to accommodate 14 passengers plus freight, with military versions carrying up to 90 troops. Max payload 20,000kg (44,090lb).
  • ProductionProduction totals for the An-12 are estimated at 1243 aircraft, with more than 200 having nominally seen civil service with Aeroflot, plus many other Soviet client state airlines. Shaanxi had reportedly delivered 75 by 2001 for military and civil use.

The A 12 (NATO reporting name "Offspring") was produced to satisfy a Soviet aviation based armed forces prerequisite for a turboprop vessel. Taking into account the twin turboprop A 8 which was produced for Aeroflot administration, the four motor A 12 was created in parallel with the business traveler A 10.

The model A 12 flew in 1958, fueled by Kuznetsov NK-4 turboprops, and was basically a mobilized A 10 with a back stacking load slope. Roughly 100 A 10s were manufactured, the sort seeing administration somewhere around 1959 and 1973.

Arrangement generation of the A 12 in various mostly military variations proceeded until 1973, from which time it was supplanted in Soviet benefit by the Ilyushin Il-76 (portrayed somewhere else). The A 12bp is the essential military transport variant of the Cub. Other military forms are being used as Elint and ECM stages.

The protective back heavy weapons specialist's turret is faired over on common A 12s. Administrators have included Aeroflot, Cubana, LOT Polish Airlines and Bulair for common and semi military work.

China's Xian started update work of the A 12 in 1969, however after the first model the system was exchanged to Shaanxi. Various Chinese forms were produced, including the common variations Y-8b and Y-8c, the recent created with collaboration from Lockheed, comparative Y-8f-200, Y-8f domesticated animals transporter and Y-8h elevated review model.

Pictures of Antonov An-12 & Shaanxi Y-8