Tupolev Tu-154

  • CountryRussia
  • TypeMedium range airliner
  • PowerplantsTu-154 - Three 93.2kN (20,950lb) Kuznetsov NK-82 turbofans. Tu-154M - Three 103.6kN (23,380lb) Aviadvigatel (Soloviev) D-30KU-154-II turbofans.
  • PerformanceTu-154 - Max cruising speed 975km/h (527kt), economical cruising speed 900km/h (486kt), long range cruising speed 850km/h (460kt). Range with max payload and reserves 3460km (1870nm), range with max fuel and 13,650kg (31,100lb) payload 5280km (2850nm). Tu-154M - Max cruising speed 950km/h (513kt). Range with max payload 3900km (2100nm), range with max fuel and 5450kg (12,015lb) payload 6600km (3563nm).
  • WeightsTu-154 - Operating empty 43,500kg (95,900lb), max takeoff 90,000kg (198,415lb). Tu-154M - Basic operating empty 55,300kg (121,915lb), max takeoff 100,000kg (220,460lb).
  • DimentionsWing span 37.55m (123ft 3in), length 47.90m (157ft 2in), height 11.40m (37ft 5in). Wing area 201.5m2 (2168.4sq ft).
  • CapacityFlightcrew of three or four. Typical single class seating for 158 to 164 at six abreast, or 167 in a high density layout for Tu-154; Tu-154M seats a maximum of 180 at six abreast and 75cm (29.5in) seat pitch.
  • ProductionApproximately 900 Tu-154s of all models have been built, including approximately 325 Tu-154Ms. Approx 580 were in service in late 1998.

Tupolev's Tu-154 tri-plane remains the standard medium extent air transport on local flights in Russia and different states of the previous Soviet Union and to a lesser degree in eastern Europe and Iran.

The Tu-154 was produced to supplant the turbojet fueled Tupolev Tu-104, or more the A 10 and Il-18 turboprops. Outline criteria in supplanting these three moderately assorted airplane incorporated the capacity to work from rock or pressed earth landing strips, to have the capacity to fly at high elevations above most Soviet Union air movement, and great field execution. To meet these points the beginning Tu-154 configuration offered three Kuznetsov (now KKBM) NK-8 turbofans (which additionally controlled the bigger, longer run Il-62) giving a generally decent push to weight degree, triple bogie principle undercarriage units which withdraw into wing cases and a back motor T-tail arrangement.

The Tu-154 first flew on October 4 1968. The primary generation case was conveyed to Aeroflot in right on time 1971, albeit general business administration did not start until February 1972.

Three Kuznetsov controlled variations of the Tu-154 were assembled, the starting Tu-154, the enhanced Tu-154a with all the more compelling motors and a higher max takeoff weight, and the Tu-154b with a further expanded max takeoff weight. Tu-154s is a tanker form of the Tu-154b.

Current creation is of the Tu-154m, which first flew in 1982. The real change presented on the M was the significantly more efficient, quieter and dependable Soloviev (now Aviadvigatel) turbofans. Low rate generation proceeds. In the mean time the proposed Tu-154m-2 with two PS-90a turbofans remains unbuilt.

Pictures of Tupolev Tu-154