Tupolev Tu-134

  • CountryRussia
  • TypeShort range airliner
  • PowerplantsTu-134 - Two 64.5kN (14,490lb) Soloviev D30 turbofans. Tu-134A - Two 66.7kN (14,990lb) Soloviev D30 Series IIs.
  • PerformanceTu-134 - Max cruising speed 900km/h (485kt), economical cruising speed 750km/h (405kt). Normal operating ceiling 39,730ft. Range with 7000kg (15,420lb) payload and reserves 2400km (1295nm), with 3000kg (6600lb) payload 3500km (1890nm). Tu-134A - Max cruising speed 900km/h (485kt), economical cruising speed 750km/h (405kt). Range with 5000kg (11,025lb) payload and reserves 3020km (1630nm).
  • WeightsTu-134 - Operating empty 27,500kg (60,627lb), max takeoff 44,500kg (98,105lb). Tu-134A - Operating empty 29,050kg (64,045lb), max takeoff 47,000kg (103,600lb).
  • DimentionsTu-134 - Wing span 29.00m (95ft 2in), length 34.35m (112ft 8in), height 9.02m (29ft 7in). Wing area 127.3m2 (1370.3sq ft). Tu-134A - Same except length 37.05m (121ft 7in), height 9.14m (30ft 0in).
  • CapacityFlightcrew of three, comprising two pilots and a navigator. Tu-134 seats 72 in a single class. Tu-134A seats up to 84 passengers in a single class at four abreast, or 12 first class and 54 economy class at four abreast in a two class arrangement. Tu-134B3 can seat up to 96 in a single class.
  • ProductionProduction estimated at over 700, most for Aeroflot, but approximately 170 exported to various east European airlines and other Soviet client states. Approx 365 were in service in late 1998.

For a long time the Tupolev Tu-134 was the standard short pull plane air transport in the Soviet Union and eastern Europe.

The Tupolev outline authority was in charge of the Soviet Union's first fly fueled air transport, the Tu-104 (which was focused around the Tu-16 `badger' assault plane), and the Tu-104's more modest sibling the Tu-124. Both of these short go jetliners experienced various execution shortages be that as it may, subsequently provoking improvement of the Tu-134.

The introductory Tu-134 configuration was built decently nearly in light of the Tu-124, and for a period was assigned the Tu-124a. However Tupolev chose to reconfigure the airplane to gimmick back fuselage mounted motors and a Ttail, bringing about the new assignment.

Six improvement Tu-134s were constructed, with the first flying amid 1962. Creation started in 1964 despite the fact that it was not until September 1967 that Aeroflot propelled full business administrations.

Starting creation was of the standard fuselage length Tu-134, while the extended Tu-134a entered Aeroflot benefit in the second a large portion of 1970. Seating up to 76 in a solitary class, the Tu-134a contrasted from the Tu-134 in having a 2.10m (6ft 11in) fuselage extend, a reprofiled nose, all the more compelling D30 motors and an APU.

Different forms are the Tu-134b with a forward confronting position for the third group part between and behind the pilots, the Tu-134b1 which has an overhauled inside to seat up to 90 travelers without a kitchen, and the Tu-134b3 which can situate 96 with full cookroom and can offices held.

Pictures of Tupolev Tu-134