Sud SE-210 Caravelle
The Caravelle was the first fly carrier to enter generation in mainland Europe and spearheaded the back mounted motor design.
The Caravelle was planned in light of a French Secretariat General of Commercial and Civil Aviation necessity for a 1600 to 2000km (865 to 1080nm) extent aerial shuttle (permitting operations in the middle of France and its North African wards) with a 6000 to 7000kg (13,228 to 15,432lb) payload prerequisite at a velocity of 620km/h (335kt). SNCASE (Societe Nationale de Constructions Aeronautiques de Sud-Est, later Sud Aviation, and therefore fused into Aerospatiale), reacted with a trijet configuration assigned the X120, with three back mounted SNECMA Atar turbojets. This configuration then developed to gimmick two back mounted Rolls-Royce Avons.
The French government requested two flying and two static models of the twinjet in 1953, ensuing in the sort's first flight on May 27 1955. Passage into administration of the SE-210 Caravelle I with Air France was on May 12 1959 on the Paris/Rome/Istanbul course.
The Caravelle III offered 50.7kn (11,400lb) Avon Ra.29 Mk527s (one Caravelle III was fueled by General Electric Cj805-23c turbofans, yet generation never eventuated). The 54.3kn (12,200lb) Avon Ra.29 Mk531 controlled VI-N and the VI-R with an adjusted windscreen and push reversers took after.
The Caravelle 10b presented more fuel effective Pratt & Whitney Jt8d turbofans, while the 11r was a convertible traveler/vessel focused around the 10. A definitive Caravelle model was the 3.20m (10ft 6in) extended Caravelle. It could seat up to 128 single class travelers.
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