Sud SE-210 Caravelle

  • CountryFrance
  • TypeShort range airliner
  • PowerplantsCaravelle 10B - Two 64.4kN (14,500lb) Pratt & Whitney JT8D-9 turbofans. Earlier Caravelle versions (Mk I, IA, III and VI) were powered by two 48.9 to 56.0kN (11,000 to 12,600lb) thrust class Rolls-Royce RA.29 Avon turbojets.
  • PerformanceCaravelle 10B - Max cruising speed 825km/h (445kt). Range with max payload 2650km (1450nm), range with max fuel 3640km (1965nm).
  • Weights10B - Operating empty 30,055kg (66,260lb), max takeoff 56,000kg (123,460lb). Earlier series Avon powered versions max takeoff weights range from 46,000kg (101,413lb) for the Mk III to 50,000kg (110,230lb) for the Mk VI-R.
  • DimentionsCaravelle 10B - Wing span 34.30m (112ft 6in), length 33.01m (108ft 3.5in), height 8.72m (28ft 7in). Wing area 146.7m2 (1579sq ft). Caravelle Mks I, IA, III and VI same except for length 32.01m (105ft 0in). Caravelle 12 featured 3.21m (10ft 7in) fuselage stretch over the Caravelle 10.
  • CapacityCaravelle 10 - Flightcrew of two pilots and one flight engineer. Max passengers 100 at five abreast in a high density layout. Typical accommodation for 91 passengers in a mixed class arrangement. Maximum payload 9100kg (20,600lb).
  • Production282 production Caravelles built between 1958 and 1972. 8 remained in commercial service in late 2002.

The Caravelle was the first fly carrier to enter generation in mainland Europe and spearheaded the back mounted motor design.

The Caravelle was planned in light of a French Secretariat General of Commercial and Civil Aviation necessity for a 1600 to 2000km (865 to 1080nm) extent aerial shuttle (permitting operations in the middle of France and its North African wards) with a 6000 to 7000kg (13,228 to 15,432lb) payload prerequisite at a velocity of 620km/h (335kt). SNCASE (Societe Nationale de Constructions Aeronautiques de Sud-Est, later Sud Aviation, and therefore fused into Aerospatiale), reacted with a trijet configuration assigned the X120, with three back mounted SNECMA Atar turbojets. This configuration then developed to gimmick two back mounted Rolls-Royce Avons.

The French government requested two flying and two static models of the twinjet in 1953, ensuing in the sort's first flight on May 27 1955. Passage into administration of the SE-210 Caravelle I with Air France was on May 12 1959 on the Paris/Rome/Istanbul course.

The Caravelle III offered 50.7kn (11,400lb) Avon Ra.29 Mk527s (one Caravelle III was fueled by General Electric Cj805-23c turbofans, yet generation never eventuated). The 54.3kn (12,200lb) Avon Ra.29 Mk531 controlled VI-N and the VI-R with an adjusted windscreen and push reversers took after.

The Caravelle 10b presented more fuel effective Pratt & Whitney Jt8d turbofans, while the 11r was a convertible traveler/vessel focused around the 10. A definitive Caravelle model was the 3.20m (10ft 6in) extended Caravelle. It could seat up to 128 single class travelers.

Pictures of Sud SE-210 Caravelle