Lockheed L-188 Electra

  • CountryUnited States of America
  • TypeTurboprop airliner and freighter
  • PowerplantsL-188C - Four 2800kW (3750shp) Allison 501-D13 turboprops driving four blade constant speed propellers.
  • PerformanceL-188C - Max cruising speed 652km/h (352kt), economical cruising speed 602km/h (325kt). Service ceiling 27,000ft. Range with max payload 3450km (1910nm), with max fuel 4023km (2180nm).
  • WeightsL-188C - Operating empty 27,895kg (61,500lb), max takeoff 52,664kg (116,000lb).
  • DimentionsWing span 30.18m (99ft 0in), length 31.81m (104ft 6in), height 10.01m (32ft 10in). Wing area 120.8m2 (1300sq ft).
  • CapacityFlightcrew of three. Single class seating for up to 104 passengers. Most aircraft now configured as freighters, max payload weight is approximately 12 tonnes (26,000lb).
  • Production170 Electras built, including 55 L-188Cs. Approx 40 in commercial service in late 2002, two used as corporate transports.

Lockheed's Electra given various aerial shuttles with first experience with turbine fueled airplane. Today it stays prominent with cargo administrators.

The Lockheed L-188 Electra was produced to meet a 1954 American Airlines prerequisite for a household short to medium go 75 to 100 seat carrier. In June 1955 American recompensed Lockheed a request for 35 such air ship. Lockheed's configuration, the L-188, was a low wing, four turboprop controlled flying machine. Numerous different aerial transports imparted American's enthusiasm toward the L-188, and when the first model flew on December 6 1957, the request book remained at 144. Administration section was with Eastern Airlines (because of a pilot's strike at American) on January 12 1959.

Then again, any good faith Lockheed felt around a solid deals future would have been brief, as various crashes in 1959 and 1960 (two of which where the flying machine split up in flight) helped various request abrogations.

As an interval measure after the accidents, speed limitations were forced on Electras. Examinations uncovered an outline imperfection with the motor mountings where the wing would shake and in the long run split. Lockheed attempted a huge change program where the nacelles, nacelle mountings and wing structure were reinforced, and the rate confinements were in the long run lifted in 1961. After that the Electra demonstrated dependable and mainstream in administration, yet the harm had been carried out and generation wound up in 1961 after 170 had been fabricated.

Lockheed constructed two fundamental forms of the Electra. The L-188a was the essential generation airplane, and represented most Electra deals. The L-188c entered administration with KLM in 1959 and had more noteworthy fuel limit and higher weights, and consequently enhanced payload range execution.

The Electra additionally structures the premise for the tremendously fruitful P-3 Orion long go sea observation air ship of which more than 600 have been assembled.

Most Electras presently in administration are designed as vessels. From 1967 Lockheed changed over 41 Electras to vessels or convertible vessel/traveler airplane, fitting a fortified floor and a substantial freight entryway forward of the wing on the left side. Different organizations have likewise changed over Electras to vessels. Be that as it may, a little number stay in traveler administration.

Pictures of Lockheed L-188 Electra