Ilyushin Il-14

  • CountryRussia
  • TypeShort range airliner and utility transport
  • PowerplantsIl-14M - Two 1415kW (1900hp) Shvetsov ASh-82T 14 cylinder radial piston engines driving four blade constant speed propellers.
  • PerformanceIl-14M - Max cruising speed 350km/h (190kt), economical cruising speed 320km/h (173kt). Service ceiling 24,280ft. Range with max payload and reserves 400km (215nm), with max fuel and reserves 1750km (945nm).
  • WeightsIl-14M - Empty equipped 12,600kg (27,780lb), max takeoff 17,500kg (38,580lb).
  • DimentionsIl-14M - Wing span 31.70m (104ft 0in), length 22.31m (73ft 2in), height 7.80m (25ft 7in). Wing area 100.0m2 (1076.4sq ft).
  • CapacityStandard passenger seating in Il-14P for 18 or 24, and 24 or up to 36 in Il-14M. Il-14G and Il-14T are freighters.
  • ProductionProduction of the Il-14 is estimated at 1276 units, including 80 built by VEB in the former East Germany and 203 by Avia in the former Czechoslovakia. Very small numbers remain in service.

In the same way as other western flying machine of inexactly comparable size and design, the Il-14 was produced as a trade for the then crucial Douglas DC-3 and Russian Li-2.

Similarly as with such a variety of different nations around the globe the Soviet Union's prompt post bellum air transport framework was intensely dependant on war surplus DC-3/C-47s and in addition the Lisunov Li-2 (Soviet permit constructed advancement of the DC-3). In the late 1940s/early 1950s Aeroflot created a prerequisite for a current substitution of the Li-2 and the DC-3. Ilyushin reacted with a low wing tricycle undercarriage outline controlled by two Shvetsov radials with greatest seating for 27. This flying machine was assigned the Il-12.

The Il-14 is an enhanced improvement of the fundamental Il-12 outline. The significant change Ilyushin presented was another wing outline offering a more proficient aerofoil area, in addition to all the more compelling Shvetsov motors and a general clean up of the airframe.

Given the NATO reporting name "Carton", the Il-14 is accepted to have entered administration in 1954 or 1955. Beginning administration models were assigned Il-14p (Passazhirskii or traveler) and they were reconfigured to seat 18. Pretty nearly two years after entrance into administration most Il-14ps were arranged to seat 24 travelers in a higher thickness design. By 1956 a somewhat extended improvement, the Il-14m (Modifitsirovanny/adjusted), had showed up. At first the Il-14m was designed to seat 24, yet this was later changed to 36. Not very many adjustments were made to the Il-14 amid its creation run, albeit numerous vessel Il-14ts (Transportny/transport) were assembled, while numerous aerial shuttle Il-14s were later changed over to tankers.

While most Il-14s were implicit Russia, at Khodinka and Tashkent, Il-14s were additionally manufactured under permit in the previous Eastern Germany by VEB Flugzeugwerke and the previous Czechoslovakia by Avia, 80 VEB Il-14ps and 203 Avia 14s were constructed.

Today few Il-14s stay in administration, most are utilized for general cargo and sanction work.

Pictures of Ilyushin Il-14