Antonov/PZL Mielec An-2

  • CountryUkraine and Poland
  • TypeBiplane utility transport
  • PowerplantsAn-2P - One 745kW (1000hp) PZL Kalisz ASz61IR nine cylinder radial engine driving an AW2 four blade variable pitch propeller. Y5B - One 735kW (986hp) PZL Kalisz ASz61IR16 or Zhuzhou HS5 nine cylinder radial engine.
  • PerformanceAn-2P - Max speed 258km/h (139kt), economical cruising speed 185km/h (100kt). Range with a 500kg (1100lb) cargo 900km (485nm). Y5B - Max speed 220km/h (120kt), typical cruising speed 160km/h (85kt). Range 845km (455nm).
  • WeightsAn-2P - Empty 3450kg (7605lb), max takeoff 5500kg (12,125lb). Y5B - Max takeoff 5250kg (11,575lb).
  • DimentionsUpper wing span 18.18m (59ft 8in), lower 14.14m (46ft 9in), length (tail down) 12.40m (40ft 8in), height (tail down) 4.01m (12ft 2in). Upper wing area 43.5m2 (468.7sq ft), lower 28.0m2 (301.2sq ft).
  • CapacityFlightcrew of one or two pilots. Passenger accommodation for 12 at three abreast. Agricultural versions have large chemical hoppers (1400 litres/308Imp gal/370US gal of liquid chemical or 1200kg/2645lb of dust in the An-2S, or 1960 litres/430Imp gal/517US gal for the An-2M) with spray bars along the lower wing.
  • ProductionMore than 5000 An-2s were built in the Ukraine between 1948 and the mid 1960s, before production was transferred to PZL Mielec in Poland, where approximately 12,000 have been built and low rate production continues. Close to 1000 Y5s have been built by SAMC in China.

The A 2 was initially intended to meet a USSR Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry necessity, and flew for the first time on August 31 1947.

Entering generation and administration the accompanying year, Antonov manufactured A 2s were controlled by 745kw (1000hp) Ash62 radials. Soviet generation proceeded through to the mid sixties by which time various variations had been produced, including the base model A 2p, A 2s and 2m yield sprayers, A 2va water assault plane, A 2m floatplane and the A 2za high height meteorological examination flying machine.

Generation obligation was exchanged to Poland's PZL Mielec in the 1960s, with the first case flying on October 23 1960. Aside from the A 2p, Polish renditions incorporate the A 2pk VIP transport, A 2pr for TV hand-off work, A 2s emergency vehicle, A 2td paratroop transport, A 2p payload/traveler form, A 2 Geofiz geophysical review rendition, traveler A 2t and A 2tp, and farming A 2r.

Chinese creation as the Y5 initiated with Nanchang in 1957, preceding being exchanged to the Shijiazhuang Aircraft Manufacturing Company. The fundamental Chinese adaptation is the standard Y5n, while the most recent improvement is the Y5b master ag air ship, which first flew in June 1989.

An Antonov fabricated turboprop controlled variant, the A 3, flew in model structure in the early 1980s fueled by a 706kw (946shp) Omsk (Mars) Tvd10, however did not enter creation.

Pictures of Antonov/PZL Mielec An-2