De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk

  • CountryCanada
  • TypeTwo seat light aircraft
  • PowerplantsOne 108kW (145hp) de Havilland Gipsy Major 8 four cylinder inverted inline engine driving a two blade fixed pitch wooden propeller.
  • PerformanceMax speed at sea level 223km/h (120kt), cruising speed 200km/h (108kt). Initial rate of climb 900ft/min. Service ceiling 17,200ft. Max range 450km (243nm). Endurance 2.3 hours.
  • WeightsEmpty 526kg (1158lb), max takeoff 914kg (2014lb).
  • DimentionsWing span 10.46m (34ft 4in), length 7.75m (25ft 5in), height 2.13m (7ft 0in). Wing area 15.9m2 (172sq ft).
  • CapacitySeating for two in tandem. Two were modified for crop spraying and fitted with a chemical hopper in place of the front cockpit.
  • Production1277 Chipmunks built, including 217 in Canada, 60 under licence in Portugal and 1000 in Britain. Most of these were built originally for military customers, but many now fly with private operators.

Tenderly known as the Chippie, De Havilland Canada's Chipmunk was planned in light of a developing need to supplant the Royal Air Force's maturing Tiger Moth two seat fundamental mentor biplane (depicted independently).

With a full plan workload (obligingness of the progressive Comet plane aerial shuttle venture among others) De Havilland chose to hand outline obligation regarding the new mentor to its Canadian subsidiary, De Havilland Canada. Outline initiative for DHC's first air ship was the obligation of W J Jakimiuk who had emigrated to Canada from Poland in 1940 and was beforehand in charge of the configuration of the PZL P-24 and PZL P-50 Jastrzab warriors and the DH-95 Flamingo air transport.

His new air ship was assigned the DHC-1 Chipmunk and flew surprisingly on May 22 1946. Gimmicks of the configuration incorporated a De Havilland Gipsy Major motor and all metal development (however with fabric secured control surfaces). Initially conveyances occurred the accompanying year. Fundamental Chipmunk models incorporated the Canadian assembled DHC-1a-1 and DHC-1b-2 (Mk1 and Mk2 in the RCAF), and numerous offered clear view blown coverings, while primary British creation models incorporated the starting T10 for the RAF, the Mk20 for remote military clients and the regular citizen Mk21. OGMA manufactured 60 Mk20 under permit in Portugal.

Civilianised variants of RAF airplane got to be accessible in substantial numbers from the late 1950s, and the T10 turned into the Mk22 in common administration, while the Mk22a was a Mk22 with more noteworthy fuel limit. Ranch Aviation Services in the UK vigorously altered Chipmunks with a container tank set up of the forward cockpit for spreading obligations, these air ship were assigned Mk23s. Three comparative transformations were performed in Australia by Sasin/Aerostructures as the SA-29 Spraymaster. The Masefield Chipmunk was a transformation accessible for ex RAF T10s with a blown covering, wheel pants, baggage space in the wing and expanded fuel limit.

In 1999 an unit form got to be accessible for the homebuilt business sector, created by Gilles Leger in Montreal, Canada. Leger’s adaptation is known as the Super Chipmunk. It has another more open fuselage while utilizing unique Chipmunk wings and tail unit, and is fueled by a 156kw (210hp) Continental IO-360 motor.

Today the Chipmunk remains an exceptionally mainstream game and private airplane, while a little number are still utilized for pilot preparing and tailwheel supports. Some have additionally been widely altered with the establishment of Lycoming or Continental motors, e.g. the two Super Chipmunks of renowned airshow entertainer Art Sc

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