Canadair CL-44 & Yukon

  • CountryCanada
  • TypeMedium to long range airliner and freighter
  • PowerplantsCL-44D-4 - Four 4270kW (5730shp) RollsRoyce Tyne 515/50 turboprops driving four blade variable pitch propellers.
  • PerformanceCL-44D-4 - Max cruising speed 647km/h (349kt), cruising speed 621km/h (335kt). Service ceiling 30,000ft. Range with max payload 4625km (2500nm), range with max fuel 8990km (4855nm).
  • WeightsCL-44D-4 - Operating empty 40,345kg (88,952lb), max takeoff 95,250kg (210,000lb).
  • DimentionsCL-44D-4 - Wing span 43.37m (142ft 4in), length 41.73m (136ft 11in), height 11.18m (36ft 8in). Wing area 192.7m2 (2075sq ft).
  • CapacityFlightcrew of two pilots and one flight engineer. CL-44D-4 - Max single class seating for 160 passengers (or 189 in the CL-44J). Max payload 29,959kg (66,048kg).
  • ProductionA total of 27 civil CL-44s built (including four CL-44J and one CL-44-O conversions), and 12 military CL-44-6 designated CC-106 Yukon. Today only seven CL-44 still exist whereoff maximum three are airworthy.

The CL-44 might be seen as an upgraded Bristol Britannia 300.

In mid 1950s the Royal Canadian Air Force has a necessity for an oceanic watch air ship to supplant their Lacanster airplane serving in this part. What came about was the CP-107 Argus. which was permit based on the base of the Bristol Britannia. The Argus contrasted from the Britannia in various critical regards - it was fueled by Wright Turbo Compound spiral motors (chose set up of turboprops to give better continuance and low speed execution at low height), and an updated unpressurised fuselage joining a weapons narrows. With Canadair effectively delivering the Argus, it was a generally straightforward matter to offer a Britannia based configuration to meet a RCAF necessity for a vehicle to supplant the maturing DC-4m Northstar.

The vehicle turned into the CC-106 Yukon (or to Canadair, the CL-44-6). Twelve were constructed, offering Rolls Royce Tyne turboprops, extended fuselage with two extensive traditional side cargo entryways. The wings and tail plane, arriving riggings and cockpit were kept generally the same as on the Britannia. The main Yukon flew on November 15 1959. It additionally emphasized some additional military stuff which was not assumed the civillian form. This incorporated an APU, elektrik trimming, upgraded radar, transportable stacking framework and so forth.

Canadair then started to offer the Yukon to business clients and created the CL-44d-4, which emphasized a pivoted tail which respectably disentangled stacking. (Swingtail) Due to new FAA/CAA regulations on perceivability prerequisites the Britannia sort winshields were supplanted by more current and greater windshield starting from the Convair 880. The main CL-44d-4 flew on November 16 1960, and around then the model was the biggest and first business vessel on the planet to offer a 30t turn around in less then 60 minutes. The CL-44 is the first cutting edge aircarft extraordinarily assembled for the business cargo market.

While all CL-44s in common administration have eventually been utilized as tankers, Loftleidir Icelandic Airline worked four CL-44js or more a solitary CL-44d-4 in traveler arrangement. The J, or "Rolls Royce 400 Jetprop", varied from the D-4s in that it emphasized a 4.62m (15ft 2in) fuselage stretch. It is the main air ship to be redrawn from administration, cut, extended and put into administration once more. In late sixties the CL-44j was the biggest traveler flying machine over the Atlantic sea with 189 travelers. This was greater then 707 and DC-8.

One CL-44 was changed over by Conroy Aircraft in the US as an expansive volume vessel. Jack Conroy was planning to get the lucratif contract to fly Rolls Royce motors for the Tristar. Rather Lockheed extended their own particular L-100 and flew the motors themselves. The CL-44-O "Guppy" got another voluminous load hold (like the Boeing 377st Super Guppy changes), and it flew after change shockingly on November 26 1969.

All military Yukons discovered their route into common administration in Africa and South America after retirement in 1973. In 2001 no J-model has survived. Stand out Yukon is alive and six CL-44d-4 stay in poor condition. Most have been stopped for quite a long time.

Pictures of Canadair CL-44 & Yukon