Airbus A320

  • CountryEuropean consortium
  • TypeShort to medium range airliner
  • PowerplantsTwo 111.2kN to 120.1kN (25-27,000lb) CFM International CFM56-5A1 turbofans or 118kN (26,500lb) CFM56-5A3s or 120kN (27,000lb) -5B4s, or two 113.4kN (25,500lb) International Aero Engines IAE V2500-A1 or 117.9kN (26,500lb) V2527-A5s.
  • PerformanceA320-200 - Max cruising speed 903km/h (487kt) at 28,000ft, economical cruising speed 840km/h (454kt) at 37,000ft. Range with 150 passengers and reserves with CFM56s 4843km (2615nm), or 5639km (3045nm), or 5278km (2850nm); with V2500s 4874km (2632nm) or optionally 5463km (2950nm) or 5676km (3065nm).
  • WeightsA320-200 - Operating empty with V2500s 42,220kg (93,079lb); with CFM56s 42,175kg (92,980lb). Standard max takeoff for both versions 73,500kg (162,040lb) or optionally 75,500kg (166,445lb) or 77,000kg (169,755lb).
  • DimentionsWing span 34.09m (111ft 10in), length 37.57m (123ft 3in), height 11.76m (38ft 7in). Wing area 122.6m2 (1319.7sq ft).
  • CapacityFlightcrew of two. Main cabin can accommodate a maximum of 179 passengers in a high density layout. Typical two class seating arrangement for 12 passengers at four abreast and 138 at six abreast. Seven LD3 derived LD3-46 containers or palletised cargo can be stored in the underbelly forward (four) and rear (three) freight holds.
  • ProductionAs of early 2003, firm orders for the A320 stood at 1397 with 1131 delivered.

Maybe the most vital benefactor to Airbus Industrie's prosperity as an air transport maker, the four part A320 family is a noteworthy deals achievement and an innovative trailblazer. The 150 seat A320 is the establishment and smash hit part of the gang.

The A320 is maybe best known as the first aerial shuttle to present a fly-by-wire flight control framework - where control inputs from the pilot are transmitted to the flying surfaces by electronic indicators as opposed to mechanical means. Separated from a little weight sparing, the point of interest of Airbus' fly-by-wire is that as it is machine controlled, an inbuilt flight envelope security makes it for all intents and purpose difficult to surpass certain flight parameters, for example, G cutoff points and the airplane's greatest and least working speeds and approach limits.

Likewise necessary to the A320 is the progressed electronic flightdeck, with six completely incorporated EFIS color presentations and creative sidestick controllers as opposed to traditional control sections. The A320 additionally utilizes a moderately high rate of composite materials contrasted with prior plans. Two motors are offered, the Cfm56 and IAE V2500.

The A320 system was propelled in March 1982, first flight happened on February 22 1987, while affirmation was honored on February 26 1988. Dispatch client Air France took conveyance of its first A320 in March that year. The primary V2500 engined A320 was conveyed to Adria Airways in May 1989.

The introductory creation rendition was the A320-100, which was inherent just little numbers before being supplanted by the conclusive A320-200 (certificated in November 1988) with expanded max takeoff weight, more prominent extent and winglets. The extended A321 and abbreviated A319 and A318 are depicted independently. Each of the four impart a typical pilot sort rating. Mid 2000 A320 family creation was at a month to month rate of 22, to be expanded to 30 units a month before the end of 2002.

Pictures of Airbus A320