Aerospatiale SA-360/361/365C Dauphin
The Alouette III series was replaced by the single engine driven SA-360 Dauphin and twin engine driven SA-365C Dauphin 2.
The SA-360 prototype variant soared into its maiden flight on June 2 1972 and was fuelled by a 730kW (980shp) TurbomÃ©ca Astazou XVI turboshaft. After comprehensive testing in more than 180 development flights, a more powerful 785kW (1050shp) Astazou XVIIIA was substituted, and additional weights were also added to the rotor tips to minimize vibration and to eliminate ground resonance. This first prototype aircraft flew in its new developmental design on May 4 1973, closely following a second prototype built to the new standard which had flown for the first time that January. SA-360C was the first commercially produced model and had its maiden flight on April 1975.
Another powerful version is the SA-361 with better hot and high performance and enhanced payload carrying ability. SA-361 remained limited to prototype versions and was not built commercially. SA-361H, a military variant was also conceptualised and was fitted with up to eight HOT anti tank missiles, but also remained limited to testing stage.
SA-365C Dauphin 2 driven by twin engines was announced in early 1973 and flew for the first time on January 24 1975. It incorporated twin Arriel turboshafts and a new engine fairing, a Starflex main rotor hub and a higher max takeoff weight. Production deliveries began in December 1978.
SA-360 and SA-365C production ceased in 1981 in preference for the much improved SA-365N (later AS-365N), described under Eurocopter.
Pictures of Aerospatiale SA-360/361/365C Dauphin